Maintaining water quality standards is essential to the health of a community, and water quality degradation can have short- and long-term environmental, social and economic impacts. Water quality is affected by the activities of people, wild and domestic animals, and natural causes.

The strategies shown in PPACG's 208 Plan and the Statewide Water Quality Management Plan take a regional perspective, looking at past trends and current activities and considering how future activities might affect the region.